After all the dog poisonings that are happening, Sarah has put this guideline together with a picture of the 2 Step. Please circulate.  

What do the toxins look like?

The most commonly perceived product being misused for malicious poisoning contains the active ingredient aldicarb (2 Step), which is formulated as small black granules that resemble poppy seeds. However other granular products may resemble the aldicarb granules (2 step) and in some cases differently coloured granules may be coloured black by criminals. Picture attached.


If an animal is suspected to be poisoned, the area should be searched for bait, usually meat based, which contains these granules. Vomit and /or fur soiled with vomit or saliva should be examined for the presence of the 2 step granules. Ensure that pets and children are kept away from that area until it is cleaned. If you have to wait to get the animal to the vet, then ring your local vet and see if they can come out to you and assist. Alternatively you can buy charcoal from the vet that has been made up for animals and you can administer the charcoal to the animal while waiting to get the vet. This will bind the poison so that it cannot get into the blood stream, thus giving the animal a better chance of survival.

What are the signs of poisoning:

  • Salivation
  • Muscle tremors
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Seizures
  • Weakness and paralysis
  • Slow heart rate
  • Small pupils

What to do next:

The animal must be taken to the Vet as soon as possible for them to administer the antidote. Treat the area with extreme caution until it is cleaned. Do not use pool acid or bleach to clean the affected area. You any other house hold detergent to clean up the vomit or any other from the animal. Once you have cleaned the area, the items used to clean up with must be disposed of in a plastic bag and taken to the Vet for them to correctly dispose of the toxin. Mowing the lawn will allow the lawnmower to pick up any granules that are left over. Should your animal already be dead, using rubber gloves, take the animal to the vet to be disposed of via an incinerator. If that is not possible then bury the animal at least 1 meter deep, away from food and water supplies. Cover the dead animal with lime or soda ash before covering the soil to make sure the toxin is destroyed.

How can poisonings be prevented:

Check you perimeter wall daily for any signs of the granules and dispose of it.

Information was supplied by New South Veterinary Clinic in Glenvista